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The Top 10 Higher Level Programming Languages

Aug, 2022

The top 10 higher level programming languages are important for developers to learn as their foundation. If you’re new to software development, the most challenging part of learning programming is figuring out where to start. Hundreds of programming languages are widely used, each with its own set of complexities and quirks.


The good news is that as you start your career as a software developer, you’ll begin to figure out which programming language is best for you, your interests, and your career objectives.

The best and most in-demand higher level programming languages for many of the most common use cases, including web development, mobile development, game development, and more, are covered in the list below.

Software programming is, without a doubt, a hot career right now. From 2018 to 2028, the US Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts a 22 percent increase in programming jobs, which is more than four times the average for all occupations. Furthermore, the median annual salary for a software programmer is around $105,000, nearly three times the national average.

However, not all programming jobs are created equal. Knowing and understanding the different higher level programming languages is required for various roles, companies, and software types—and learning multiple languages is often advantageous.

Attempting to break into the field of software programming can be a daunting task, particularly for those who have never programmed before.Only a few people used to be thought of as computer programmers with cutting-edge coding abilities. Many IT jobs now require a solid understanding of multiple higher level programming languages. You might be wondering which programming language to learn if you’re looking to advance in your career or change careers entirely. After all, learning a language will take time and money, so you want to make the best decision possible.

When making your decision, consider the level of difficulty you’re willing to learn, the knowledge you already have that aligns with your existing coding skills, and your motivation for learning a top programming language. You need to understand the correct programming language if you want to create a mobile application, get programming certification, or learn new skills. In the following headings, you’ll find information on ten popular programming languages that will be in demand by employers in 2021 and years to come.

The Top 10 Higher Programming Languages Developers Should Know!


Python is one of the most widely used programming languages today, and its readability makes it simple to learn for beginners. It’s a free, open-source programming language with a large community and comprehensive support modules, and simple integration with web services, user-friendly data structures, and GUI-based desktop applications. It’s a widely-used programming language for machine learning and deep learning.


2D imaging and 3D animation software such as Blender, Inkscape, and Autodesk are all written in Python. Civilization IV, Vegas Trike, and Toontown are just a few of the popular video games used. Python is used by popular websites like YouTube, Quora, Pinterest, and Instagram and science and computing applications like FreeCAD and Abacus.


Java is one of today’s most popular and in-demand computer programming languages. Because of its Write Once, Run Anywhere (WORA) capabilities, this general-purpose programming language, which Oracle Corporation owns, has become a standard for applications that can be used regardless of platform (e.g., Mac, Windows, Android, iOS, etc.). As a result, Java is known for its portability across various platforms, from mainframes to smartphones. There are currently over 3 billion devices running Java-based applications.


Java is a popular programming language for web and application development, as well as big data. Several well-known websites, including Google, Amazon, Twitter, and YouTube, use Java in their backends. It is also widely used in a wide range of applications. Spring, Struts, and Hibernate are some of the most popular new Java frameworks. There are hundreds of ways to learn Java, thanks to the millions of Java developers worldwide. Java programmers also have a large online community that helps each other solve problems.


Both C++ and C have a significant presence in the tech world and are currently ranked at the top of various indexes. C++ and C are ranked first and fourth in the TIOBE index of 2020, respectively, under the top 5 programming languages. C/C++ is rated #5 in the PYPL index, with an upward trend of around 0.1 percent. Many large tech firms, such as Adobe, Oracle, Microsoft, Nvidia, and others, recruit C/C++ developers with competitive salaries. And learning C/C++ in 2021 will not only help you advance in your career, but it will also make learning other programming languages easier in the future.

C is a general-purpose, procedural programming language primarily used in the development of low-level systems such as operating systems, kernel development, and other applications. This language’s properties are passed down to many other programming languages. C++, on the other hand, is a programming language that focuses on objects (primarily developed as an extension of C). The language is widely used in various fields, including game development, GUI and desktop applications, and competitive programming.


C#, created by Microsoft, became famous in the 2000s to support object-oriented programming principles. It’s one of the the.NET framework’s most powerful programming languages. C# was created by Anders Hejlsberg, who compares it to C++ rather than Java.

Because it uses Microsoft Visual C++ in an integrated development environment, it is best suited for Windows, Android, and iOS applications. Bing, Dell, Visual Studio, and MarketWatch are just a few popular websites that use C# in their backends.


Ruby is yet another popular scripting language for web development. It’s especially well-known for serving as the foundation for the popular Ruby on Rails web application framework.

Ruby has a reputation for having one of the friendliest and most helpful user communities, attracting beginners. The Ruby community even has an unofficial motto: “Matz is nice, so we are nice,” urging members to emulate Ruby’s chief inventor Yukihiro Matsumoto’s kind and considerate behavior.

Ruby is an excellent language to learn because of its association with great tech companies, in addition to its active community and simple syntax. Twitter, Airbnb, Bloomberg, Shopify, and many other startups have all used Ruby on Rails to build their websites.


The “frontend” programming language is JavaScript. JavaScript is a popular scripting language for creating interactive frontend applications. When you click a button that opens a popup, the logic is implemented using JavaScript.

Many businesses, especially startups, are turning to NodeJS, a JavaScript-based run-time environment. Node.js allows developers to use JavaScript for server-side scripting, which involves running scripts on the server to generate dynamic web page content before sending the page to the user’s browser. As a result, you can now write server-side and client-side scripts in the same language similar to JS. If you want to get an excellent tech job at your favorite startup, you should learn JavaScript.


R’s ranking on various reputable programming language indexes has risen dramatically. In terms of TIOBE rankings, it has been increased from 16th to 9th place in less than a year. Various big tech companies, such as Facebook, Google, Uber, and others, use the R programming language for their businesses. With the constantly growing demand for data science and machine learning trends, learning the R programming language is undoubtedly worthwhile for your future career pursuits.

R is yet another newcomer to the programming world! It is an open-source programming language with a large set of libraries and frameworks widely used in Data Science, Statistical Analysis, and Machine Learning. GNU/Linux and Microsoft Windows are both well-suited to the language. It can also be easily integrated with various data processing systems, such as Hadoop and Spark. Cross-platform compatibility, high extensibility, powerful graphical capabilities, distributed computing, and other prominent characteristics make it a more preferred language among developers.


SQL, or Structured Query Language, is a special-purpose programming language for working with databases. It works by analyzing and comprehending databases made up of data fields inside tables. Many Fortune 500 companies have developed their high-performance database systems, which they query and analyze using SQL. When it comes to Data Analytics, Github’s popularity surpasses several of the newer languages, with over 260,000 repositories.

Objective C

Objective-C is a programming language that can be used for a variety of purposes. While it isn’t unique to any one platform or system, it can help develop a wide range of other frameworks. The programming language C now has messaging capabilities, thanks to Objective-C.

Objective-C is one of Apple’s primary programming languages for the iOS operating system, and it can be used to develop mobile apps for this platform. It allows developers to be more detail-oriented while still supporting objects and other languages as supersets of the C programming language.

Objective-C is excellent for memory management; some compilers can convert Objective-C code into static code analysis. The language can then use to separate the valuable information from “waste.” The most important thing to remember about Objective-C is that it is primarily an object-oriented language. This additional language allows you to move graphs and manipulate files, but it’s just as important to understand its limitations as it is to understand its benefits.

Visual Basic

Microsoft’s Visual Basic is an approachable programming language that serves as an excellent introduction to application writing for programmers who want to work solely in the Windows environment.

Visual Basic (VB) is a Microsoft event-driven programming language and the environment with a graphical user interface (GUI) that lets programmers change code by dragging and dropping objects and defining their behavior and appearance. VB is an event-driven and object-oriented programming language that is derived from the BASIC programming language. As a result, it is often referred to as a rapid application development (RAD) system. It is used to prototype an application that will later be written in a more complicated but effective language.

Higher level programming languages Final Thoughts

All programmers want to learn new languages. Knowing which languages are gaining popularity, on the other hand, is beneficial. Even though the field of computer programming is rapidly changing, the languages we’ve discussed so far have a lot of staying power. You’ll be in great shape not only this year but in the years to come if you learn one or more of these languages. Only you can answer the question of which programming language to know when you first start coding. Choose a career path based on your interests and the type of software development you want to pursue. All of the higher level programming languages cited here are top-notch. Depending on your needs and infrastructure, you can learn any language.

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